India is a country of villages and farmers. Most of its population lives in villages and rural areas. As the rural population is economically backward, it is the duty of educated masses especially the qualified professionals in rural management to assist the villagers in their process of development so that the whole nation could achieve progress and prosperity.
Rural development has always been the prime focus of our government since independence. All five years plans were focused towards the special benefit of the rural community. Some of the objectives have been achieved and others have failed but the effort for further development has not ceased.
Rural development was traditionally associated with agriculture. The policy shift towards integrated rural development reflects the complex linkages and interactions within the system of overall rural development. Putting too much emphasis on agriculture and ignoring its linkages to the rest of the economy could result in analytical bias.
The prime goal of rural development is to improve the quality of life of the rural people by alleviating poverty through the instrument of self employment and wage employment programmes, by providing community infrastructure facilities such as drinking water, electricity, road connectivity, health facilities, rural housing and education and promoting decentralization of powers to strengthen the Panchayat raj institutions. There has been remarkable progress in increasing access to pre-school and elementary education in rural areas, particularly over the past ten years or so. Of course, several problems such as irregular attendance of children and teachers, low levels of time on task and gaps in provision still persist and the issue of how to ensure a quality education for all is paramount. But these challenges are being addressed and there are positive signs that the emphasis in major Government programmes such as SSA is shifting from universal enrolment to universal retention and quality. In tandem with this, there is also increasing attention being given to the governance of schools with the formation and functioning of VECs and more transparent processes for managing school resources. So Rural Management is the operation of the rural sector as a system. The management system needs to grasp and conceive the rural programmes and schemes. It is concerned with the transformation of the rural society.
The objective of this seminar to raise the issues like Rural services, SHG, Microfinance Rural banking, importance of NGO for the rural development and to alleviate poverty.